Trekking in Nepal can be undertaken throughout the year depending on the region. The year is divided into four different seasons in Nepal, and each season has its distinct attraction to offer for trekking. Nepal is one of the world's great trekking paradises, offering an unbeatable combination of diverse geography, flora, fauna and culture. It is also a pilgrimage, during which one leaves civilisation and enters remote lands, traveling by foot over mountain ridges, crossing deep valleys and sleeping in one village after another. The trekking routes of the Nepal Himalaya are unique, in that they bring one into direct contact with the simple lifestyle of it’s native people.
Real Himalaya offers a wide variety of treks to suit both novices and experienced trekkers. Whether you have two days or two months to spend in the Himalayas, we can tailor you an itinerary to suit your needs. You can trek up to the foot of the great Himalayan ranges or make a circuit of the highest mountains. There is something for everyone. Most of the trails follow a height between 800 metres - 3200 metres, and pass through cultivated landscapes and dense settlements where you can have a glimpse of the Nepalese people's lifestyle and culture. Trekking in Nepal is a unique experience, and a special kind holiday unlike anywhere else in the world.
The trekking experience is about getting close to nature and appreciating it’s inspiring beauty. Many travellers have also found their journey into the mountains to be a spiritual experience.
A daypack containing a camera, water bottle and general personal items is all you will need to carry on our treks. A pack of animals or porters will transport the rest of the equipment, including camping gear and food supplies. On each day of your trek you can expect to walk for around 5-7 hours.
1. Tea house/Camping Trek : These types of treks are the most popular choice. They include food and accommodation in best available tea-houses (lodges) en route. Client’s gear are carried by porters and the company will provide a guide to arrange the services and lead the trek.
2. Camping Trek : Company will supply all camping equipment (sleeping, kitchen, dining and toilet tents, etc.) along with food supplies, and porters to carry your gear as well as Sherpas to set up tents. Well-trained cooks will prepare hot meals for you, with special attention towards variety, hygiene and nutrition. We will not use lodges for food and accomodation on a camping trek. The trek leader will lead the group and arrange all services.
Trekking in Nepal can be undertaken throughout the year depending on the region. The year is divided into four different seasons in Nepal, and each season has its distinct attraction to offer for trekking.
This is the time when you can expect optimal visibility, fresh air and perfect weather; generally the best season for enjoying tantalising mountain views. The most important Nepalese festivals (Dashain and Tihar) occur during this season.
This season is noted for occasional snowfall and the air can be quite cold at higher elevations. Therefore it is ideal for trekking at lower elevations, generally below 3000 metres. The weather is usually clear at this time, offering excellent views of the mountains.
Trekking in spring is particularly lovely, as the mountain slopes are covered with beautiful and colourful flowers, and are still covered with plenty of high snow to enhance your photos. The temperature is quite moderate and the mountain views are excellent.
This is the favourite season to trek in the rain shadow areas such as Upper Mustang, Dolpo and Kailash. This season is also recommended for forest researchers and botanists.
The level of difficulty of our treks is symbolised by one to five trekkers. While grading our treks we have taken the following factors into account:
• The total duration of the trekking.
• The duration of stay at high altitude (+3000m).
• The maximum difference in altitude per day.
• The condition of the terrain.
• The average duration of the daily stages.
• The night temperatures.
Nevertheless, we want to warn our trekkers that the level of difficulty of a trek is very subjective. Weather conditions, your physical condition, possible health problems during the trek and other factors, can have an important influence on the way you experience a trek.
Grade 3 - Moderate:
These trips are easy to moderately challenging. Maximum walking time is 6-7 hours per day and the altitude remains below 4000 metres. Any reasonably fit person should be able to manage these trips. This grade usually involves 7-16 days walking.
Grade 4 - Moderate +:
These trips can also be considered moderate. The elevation remains below 5000 metres and the duration of these trips is 12-19 days. Any reasonably active person should be able to manage this level of trekking.
Grade 5 - Strenuous:
We consider this level to be hard, but still these treks are in reach of most people. However, you must be very fit for this sort of trip. Those who suffer from asthma, high blood pressure, heart disease or complicated medical conditions adversely affected by strenuous exercise may not be able to participate. These trips ascend above 5000 metres and for the duration of 20 days and above.
Grade 6 - Strenuous +:
Extremely demanding treks, sometimes in very remote areas on rough terrain, and perhaps including (in Nepal) one or more of the so-called 'trekking peaks' (maximum altitude - Mt. Mera at 6,461m/21,192ft). Participants should have at least a basic knowledge of use of crampons and ice axes, though first time climbers may be accepted on some of the so-called 'easy' routes on these peaks. Medical certificates are required prior to acceptance on any climbing treks.
Altitude Sickness During Treks:
When trekking in the Nepal Himalaya, altitude related problems are the important factors to be considered. There is always a real danger of mild to serious problems related to altitude and it is important that trekkers understand that they will be affected to a greater or lesser extent when they ascend to altitudes over about 3000 metres. Altitude sickness, often known as Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) refers to the effect of altitude on those who ascend too rapidly to elevations above 3000 metres. The victim can develop severe symptoms very rapidly, if mild symptoms are ignored.
The following are the basic symptoms of altitude sickness. We advise our clients to remember these signs when trekking in high altitude areas above 3000 metres.
1. Basic Symptoms :
(I) Loss of appetite
(II) Sleep disturbance
(III) Difficult to pass urine
2. Medium Symptoms :
(I) Headache which is bad
(II) Irregular breathing
(IV) Mild weakness
3. Serious Symptoms :
(I) Slight swelling of hands and face
(II) Cannot stand upright without swaying while eyes are closed.
(III) Can hear gurgling sound in the chest.
(IV) Zero energy.
We want to request that our clients please feel free to discuss any kind of health concerns with our staff, whether it be simply gastro-intestinal trouble or altitude related.
What to do about Altitude Sickness?
Altitude sickness can be prevented by acclimatisation; that is, by a graduate rate of ascent (not more than 400 – 500 metres at a time), allowing for sufficient rest at various intermediate altitudes. The dry air of the mountains tends to be dehydrating, so an increase of fluid intake is necessary. Try to drink at least four litres of water per day. On the trail you can drink hot garlic soup which will help to some extent. When we reach our destination, it is recommended to take some short hikes to a slighly higher elevation, returning to the camp or hotel, in order to speed up acclimatisation. You may take a Diamox (250mg) the night before flying/ascending to high altitudes. Afterwards the symptoms will often disappear and the trek can be resumed.
If you are obviously suffering from serious symptoms of AMS, then descent should not be delayed, even if it means descending in the dark. In such cases, should an emergency situation arise, a horse or porter will be arranged, or we will carry you to a lower altitude. There are three radios in Namche Bazaar, doctors at Khunde hospital in the Everest Area, as well as HRA Clinics. Some trekking areas also have the Gamow Bag. The hospital or the clinic will take fees or charges for such services. We can arrange for immediate evacuation by horse or helicopter, depending on the severity of the case.
Trekking Equipment & Clothing:
Certain basic trekking equipment is essential on all routes described on this site. Depending on the area and season, we will provide you with a comprehensive list of necessities.
Here are some recommended equipment and clothing lists for trekking in Nepal:
• Lightweight walking boots. If new, “walk them in” to avoid blisters. Also bring spare laces.
• A pair of light sports shoes to wear in the camp at night, or when your boots are wet.
• Warm jacket. Fibre fill or down should be adequate. This is especially necessary during winter (Dec-Feb).
• A rainproof jacket with hood or a poncho (ensure it is guaranteed waterproof).
• Woollen shirts and thick sweaters. During winter months (Dec-Feb) these
items are essential. Thick sweaters can be purchased cheaply in Kathmandu.
• A pair of lightweight/heavy weight trousers. Jeans are unsuitable to wear on treks. Cheap
loose cotton pants are available in Kathmandu.
• Heavyweight trousers are useful higher up in the mountains in the morning and at night.
Windproof/ waterproof trousers are necessary on all treks going above 10, 000 ft.
• Thermal underwear. These are excellent to sleep in at night during winter months
• A tracksuit useful for wearing in camp and in the tent. Two pair of loose fitting long shorts/skirts. One lightweight long sleeved –shirt is particularly suitable for avoiding sun burn.
• A woollen hat to wear in the morning and at night (during winter this is essential), and a sunhat with a wide brim to cover the face and neck.
1 pair of gloves (leather with lining or woollen are best).
1 pair of sandals to wear in the cities and in camp.
2 pairs of thin socks and 2 pair of thick woollen socks.
Underwear-normal quantity, swimming costume, hankies.
Equipment and Accessories:
• Duffle bag or kit bag to carry to gear while trekking.
• Daypack: This is a small rucksack to carry personal items for the day e.g. toilet
items, camera, travel towel, soap, spare shoes etc.
• Water bottle.
• Snow glasses/sunglasses
• 2-4 large plastic bags to separate clean clothes from dirty ones. 6-10 smaller plastic bags
to dispose garbage.
• Wallet and/or money belt with compartment for coins.
• Toiletries with large and small towels. Toilet paper can be purchased in Kathmandu and some villages
in the mountains.
• Small headlamp and/or torch with spare batteries and bulbs candles and lighter to burn
• Snow gaiters are essential during winter, and all treks going over high altitudes at other times.
• An umbrella (optional), which can be useful as a sunshade or when it rains.
• Reading materials, camera and film, game items (optional), note book, rubber band, pen
and pencil, envelopes, a diary, a calendar, a pocket knife, binoculars (optional), small pillow
or headrest (optional). Thermos (optional), inflatable sleeping mat, trekking
map, adequate quantities of passport photographs.
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