Situated in the southwest of China, the land of Tibet is cold and dusty and has been an ideal destination for adventure. Heart rending dry plateau, green flatlands, and well-preserved Tibetan culture are the main features of the long forbidden land. Tibet was opened to tourism in 1985. Before this it avoided influence from the western world. In those days it was governed by the spiritual leaders, monasteries and institutions. Ever since Tibet was opened to the world, Nepal has become an easy and attractive gateway to explore Tibet. With the opening up of air and land routes from Nepal, travelers have plenty of opportunities and a number of ways in which to gain first hand insight into the myriad sights and sounds of this exotic and ancient land, and to lose themselves in the rich Tibetan culture, architecture, landscape, and religion
Glimpses of Tibet
Area: 1,200,000 sq km. Making up 12.8% of China's area, Tibet is the second largest region of China after Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.
Terrain: 70% Grassland, from high plateau to tropical forest
Provincial Capital: Lhasa, also known as the "Holy City" or the "City of Sunlight"
Population: 2.81 millions (according to census of 2007)
Ethnic Composition:92.8% Tibetan, 6.1% Han, 0.3% Hui, 0.5% others
Currency: RMB (Renminbi, Chinese Yuan)
Language: Mandarin, Tibetan
Bordering Countries: Nepal, India, Sikkim, Bhutan, Burma.
Religions:Tibetan Buddhism, Animism
Climate: Average temperature 21-8 degrees Celsius (summer) 7-15 (in winter), extremely dry except during raining season (July-August)
Time Zone: GMT +8Time (China time is 2 hours 15 minutes ahead of Nepal time in winter and 3 hours 15 minutes in summer)
Telephone Services: Country Code +86, International access code 011
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